Ocean Acidification, US Gov

36 bits of good news to cure your ocean blues

http://grist.org/living/36-bits-of-good-news-to-cure-your-ocean-blues/ via @grist

A film by Rachel Edwardson. In Iñupiaq with English translation.



    Two climate activists were set to go on trial in Massachusetts on Monday for blocking the shipment of 40,000 tons of coal to the Brayton Point power plant, a 51-year-old facility that is one of the region’s largest contributors to greenhouse gases.
    But in a surprise move, a local prosecutor dropped the criminal charges and reduced three other charges to civil offenses, calling climate change one of the gravest crises our planet has ever faced.


U.S. Senator Maria Cantwell (D-WA) raised national awareness about the threat ocean acidification poses to Washington state’s jobs and economy, during a speech on the Senate floor as part of an all-night action on climate change.

Excerpts from Cantwell’s remarks follow:

  • “Ocean acidification is an economic issue. It affects so many different people in our economy in the Pacific Northwest. We have generations of shellfish growers that are threatened now by the impacts of carbon in our oceans and the warming of our oceans.”
  • “Commercial fishing is also important to the nation – it contributes $70 billion to the U.S. economy and supports over one million fishing jobs. So our inaction here in Congress deciding not to do something basically threatens those one million jobs.”
  • “Mr. President, ocean acidification kills jobs. Doing nothing about ocean acidification or CO2 in the atmosphere is going to cause us economic problems. So I urge my colleagues on the other side of the aisle to support measures that will allow us to mitigate now the impacts of this and plan for the future.”
  • “While we’re here to talk about what might happen in the future, I’m here to talk about what is happening to our economy today and why we need to take action.”
  • “Of the CO2 emissions, 25 percent of them basically just sink into the ocean. So that means that carbon from fossil fuels is being absorbed into the ocean and that basically creates a very corrosive environment in our waters.”
  • “My constituents know these are huge issues. In fact the Seattle Times ran a ground-breaking series called ‘Sea Change’ highlighting the impact of carbon to the oceans. Because it could – as this article details – cause a collapse of that huge Alaska Crab fishing industry. A collapse.”
  • “Scallops — which just had a week ago a massive die off — are another canary in the coal mine. This shows that ten million scallops died off the coast of British Columbia.”
  • “We have to not only reduce greenhouse gases now, we have to mitigate the impacts and plan for a more diverse energy source of the future. That’s what we’re talking about today — we’re talking about trying to save jobs in the United States of America by doing a better job of planning on this issue.”

On February 25, 2014, the Vancouver Sun reported that Island Scallops in British Columbia shut down its processing plant and reduced its workforce by a third due to the death of ten million scallops by Qualicum Beach. Canadian researchers believe that more corrosive water caused the scallop die-off.

Cantwell has been a leading voice in the Senate about the threat ocean acidification poses to fisheries and coastal economies. On February 27, 2014, during a Subcommittee on Oceans, Atmosphere, Fisheries and Coast Guard hearing she called for study to identify which fisheries and fish habitats are most at risk from the effects of ocean acidification – as an expansion of a Puget Sound monitoring system for shellfish that she was instrumental in establishing in 2010.

At the hearing she cited previous research that showed adverse effects on Alaska’s red king crab fisheries. Such research also would be critical to understanding potential impacts to Washington state’s $30 billion maritime industry. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Washington fisheries support 42,000 jobs and have a $1.7 billion economic impact.

In 2010, Cantwell secured funding to deploy ocean acidification sensors near major shellfish hatcheries in Washington state. These sensors, some that are attached to buoys in the NOAA Integrated Ocean Observation System (IOOS) network, allow shellfish growers to monitor ocean acidity in real time.  That way, shellfish hatcheries can close off their shellfish rearing tanks when ocean acidity is too high. Recent studies have shown a connection between ocean acidification, caused by the absorption of carbon dioxide, and high mortality rates among young oysters and other shellfish like clams, geoduck and mussels.

In a January subcommittee hearing, Cantwell also highlighted why additional research is needed to understand ocean acidification’s potential damage to critical salmon food sources – including small crustaceans such as copepods. Witnesses raised concerns that copepods, key to healthy salmon populations, could find it harder to reproduce if their waters become more acidic.

Last September, she urged Dr. Kathryn Sullivan, NOAA’s then-Acting Administrator, to prioritize ocean acidification monitoring and research crucial to Washington state’s $270 million shellfish industry.



It’s not the sexiest sounding topic, but a small group of scientists say it just might be able to save the world.The basic idea behind geonengineering (or climate engineering) is that humans can artificially moderate the Earth’s climate allowing us to control temperature, thereby avoiding the negative impacts of climate change. There are a number of methods suggested to achieve this scientific wizardry, including placing huge reflectors in space or using aerosols to reduce the amount of carbon in the air.It’s a hugely controversial theory. One of the main counter-arguments is that promoting a manmade solution to climate change will lead to inertia around other efforts to reduce human impact. But the popularity of geoengineering is on the rise among some scientists and even received anod from the IPCC in its recent climate change report.RE: Geoengineering



..::" How much carbon are we putting into the Ocean?

We are dumping the equivalent of a hopper car of coal,

about 100 U.S. TONS -- into the Ocean every SECOND.





US Government Report:


..::"As long as meaningful action on climate change will hurt the short-term

profits of the fossil fuel industries, the media conglomerates

and Wall Street, we can't expect the media blackout to end..."

-- Craig Brown, Founder and Director of Common Dreams


Ocean acidification is irreversible during our lifetimes and those of many generations to come. To minimize the risk of these large-scale and long-term changes to the oceans the increase in atmospheric CO2 must be curbed by reducing emissions from human activities.

Recent scenario studies have estimated that stabilisation of atmospheric CO2 concentrations at 550 ppm will produce enough acidification to be disastrous for sensitive oceanic ecosystems in many parts of the world.


  Scientists have been looking for ways of modifying the Earth's environment to control global warming - it's known as geo-engineering.

Geo-Engineering / Chem-Trails :: news.bbc.co.uk

... The current cost to taxpayers is approximately one billion USD per year.... and it gives voters the impression that Earth is not heating up too rapidly...

..::" One way to do this is simply to reflect more of the sun's light, changing the Earth's reflectivity, or albedo: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/technology/8338853.stm

... this video is significant because it shows civilians... who are also qualified professionals and members of their community... questioning the ethics and efficacy of our governments diverting our tax dollars to spray tons of toxic chem trails while keeping everything secret from the public they are "sworn" to serve...

Geo-Engineering Video: http://EcoDelMar.org/chemtrails/


Urban Paradise Guild..::" The biggest polluters have systematically assassinated science, effectively removing it as a basis for good governance. They have created think-tanks to promote these views, and propaganda machines (like FOX)... to hype ignorance. It is no mistake that Republicans benefit most from these same forces. Republicans use the smoke and mirrors built by the polluters to justify policies that benefit the polluters. ~ http://www.facebook.com/urbanparadiseguild

PHYTOPLANKTON are some of the most important life-forms on our planet, and are key for the survival of all marine Life, and land Life. They provide most of the OXYGEN we breathe (and are more valuable than any land-based plant life), and are responsible for the majority of photosynthesis on our planet, which has the added bonus of filtering out the majority of CO2 in our atmosphere. NEWS: The Ocean CO2 Eco-Cycle

"PHYTOPLANKTON grow faster in a cool ocean and slower in a warm one," said Siegel. "The scary part is that the oceans are warming now ---- caused by our emissions of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide."

These microscopic plants are predicted to grow even slower in the warmer oceans of the future. This in turn will reduce the food available to fish and other organisms, including marine birds and mammals, which are supported by the ocean's food chain. PHYTOPLANKTON are responsible for about the same amount of photosynthesis each year as all the plants on land combined.

Another disturbing result of reduced PHYTOPLANKTON is that our atmosphere depends on the consumption of atmospheric carbon dioxide by these plants. Reduced PHYTOPLANKTON means less carbon dioxide is taken up by the ocean, which could speed global warming, contributing to a vicious cycle of increased warming.

"Rising levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere play a big part in global warming," said lead author Michael Behrenfeld of Oregon State University. "This study shows that as the climate warms, PHYTOPLANKTON growth rates go down and along with them the amount of carbon dioxide these ocean plants consume. That allows carbon dioxide to accumulate more rapidly in the atmosphere, which would produce more warming."

PHYTOPLANKTON :: Produce more than half of the Oxygen on Earth...

Building Block #1 in the entire Food Chain and Oxygen Cycle for Life on Earth...

The trees on Earth are often called the "lungs" of the biosphere... yet we are cutting and selling our "lungs" for a profit... that goes to the richest corporations... and special favors to the most disloyal of all politicians in American history...

... and the biggest "gardens" on Earth are in the Oceans... yet industrial mavericks save money by using the Oceans for their toxic toilet... damaging the PHYTOPLANKTON that freely provides more than half of the Oxygen on Earth... for millions of years... freely generated from the Light of the Sun... someday we might be purchasing oxygen from the same industrial mavericks that are destroying the PHYTOPLANKTON

In the profound lyrics of Joni Mitchell :
We are stardust... we are golden...
We are caught in the devils bargain...
And we got to get ourselves back to the Garden...


We are already loosing the Coral Reefs on Earth caused by Ocean Acidification: http://EcoDelMar.org/coral

Climate Change unfolding today is clearly anthropogenic (man-made) yet.... can we get enough 'voters' to recognize that the industrial 'revolution' is driving up the CO2 that is causing Ocean Acidification-- potentially harming the health of PHYTOPLANKTON -- Earth's #1 source of Oxygen for all of us to breathe.

..:: " A recent study by Dalhousie University oceanographer Boris Worm and his team found that PHYTOPLANKTON populations in the ocean are declining at an alarming rate because of human activity and climate change.

PHYTOPLANKTON removes CO2 from our AIR
and produce more than half the OXYGEN we breathe.

..:: " The report, published in "Nature", states that PHYTOPLANKTON have already declined by about 40 per cent since 1950.

..:: " While governments stall and deniers spread confusion, it gets more and more difficult to achieve the kind of emissions reductions that scientists say are necessary to prevent the Earth from reaching a cataclysmic period.


... just a comment on the emotional aspect of global warming... CO2 and Ocean chemistry don't really care about our emotions... marine life with shells are already dissolving... and having difficulty finding sufficient oxygen to maintain Life.... and whether or not we decided to get involved, we are involved... Ocean Acidification is well under way... according to NOAA it will not be reversed for thousands of years... and most of the oxygen we breathe comes from healthy Living Oceans... while air conditioning may change the temperature of the air to make us more comfortable inside a building, it impacts the Life of the PHYTOPLANKTON that generate the oxygen we all depend on...

Frogs are already disappearing around the world, primarily due to the widespread use of the toxic weed-killers such as atrazine. As the most commonly found pesticide in U.S. waters, atrazine can kill tadpoles and lead to limb deformities in adult frogs. Petition the EPA to ban the weed killer atrazine to protect our water, frogs and our own health! https://secure.nrdconline.org/site/Advocacy?cmd=display&page=UserAction&id=2269&s_src=EcoDelMar.org

Researching Medicines from Coral Reefs: (AZT) azidothymidine, a drug widely used to treat people with AIDS. The life saving medication, AZT was created from a chemical found in the Caribbean Sea coral reefs, Gorgonian, a type of soft coral commonly referred to as type of sea sponge. Although coral reefs are in the process of dying worldwide, it still unknown how many life saving medicines, derived from coral reefs could have been discovered before the reefs are lost forever. An aquatic organism, called bryozoan Bugula neritina, yields a compound currently being tested in the fight against cancer. Caribbean gorgonian (a soft coral) produces a group of compounds with anti-inflammatory properties.


Acidifying the ocean is particularly detrimental to the Living organisms that create a shell made of CaCO3, such as coral reefs and a type of PHYTOPLANKTON called coccolithophorids [Kleypas et al., 1999]. The ocean pH change will persist for thousands of years. Because the fossil fuel CO2 rise is faster than natural CO2 increases in the past, the ocean will be acidified to a much greater extent than has occurred naturally in at least the past 800,000 years [Caldeira and Wicket, 2003].


and Zooplankton

Changes in the carbonate chemistry of the ocean may have a strong negative impact on many PHYTOPLANKTON and zooplankton species that form the base of the marine food chain.

In almost all calcifying organisms tested, ranging from single-celled organisms up to reef building corals, there is a decrease in the ability of the organism to produce calcium carbonate in more acidic waters (6). One study has documented the changes in two species of coccolithophores grown under conditions expected by the end of this century, where both species show significant decreases (25 - 45%) in calcification rates and clear signs of structural damage in their shells, which may affect their physical functioning and reproduction. However, not all species of calcifying organisms are negatively affected by increased acidity, and more research is needed to understand these mechanisms and possible adaptation pathways(7).

The first two photos on the left show scanning electron microscopy photographs of the calcifying PHYTOPLANKTON Gephyrocapsa oceanica under CO2 conditions of today (top) and under the high CO2 conditions expected by the end of this century (middle).
Pteropods are small "winged snails" that form the basis of the food chain for many commercial fish species. A recent study has observed shell dissolution in living pteropods when exposed to the carbonate content of the ocean expected in the next 50 years in the high latitudes (6).

If ocean acidification leads to disturbances in the populations of these organisms, other non-calcifying organisms may out-compete them for food and nutrients, leading to a change in the ecosystem composition of the system. Although some of the affected organisms are important prey for higher organisms, it is not yet clear how such changes would affect the entire ecosystem.

Photo courtesy of Ulf Riebesell, IFM-GEOMAR. (www.nature.com): Riebesell et al. (2000) Reduced calcification of marine PHYTOPLANKTON in response to increased atmospheric CO2, Nature 407, 364-367. (Top and Middle); Photo credit: Russ Hopcroft, California State University San Marcos (Bottom)

Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission - UNESCO

www.eia.gov : consumption global fuels
CO2 graph historic
CO2 Evidence NASA
Ocean pH graph
coral reef - elkhorn -  before and after climate change
coral reef - elkhorn Ken

Our Geo-Engineering "Climate Fix"... That Poisons Ocean Life...
Fertilising the oceans with iron to absorb carbon dioxide could increase concentrations of a chemical that can kill marine mammals, a study has found.

(From BBC News / by Richard Black) -- Iron stimulates growth of marine algae that absorb CO2 from the air, and has been touted as a "climate fix".

Now researchers have shown that the algae increase production of a nerve poison that can kill mammals and birds.

Writing in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, they say this raises "serious concern" over the idea.


What is Killing the PHYTOPLANKTON...

A chemical culprit responsible for the rapid, mysterious death of PHYTOPLANKTON in the North Atlantic Ocean has been found by collaborating scientists at Rutgers University and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI).

"The "lipids" (oils) themselves can cause death just like a virus," says Van Mooy. "We can cause the PHYTOPLANKTON to die by just giving the lipids." ... and this newly found lipid (oil)... deals it's toxic twist of fate by causing the upper-ocean plants to commit cellular "suicide"... There is also a potential connection with cancer.

"It appears that the virus has "borrowed", (copied actually), the genes for this lipid (oil) from the host," he says. "Similar genes are still on the host, but the virus has figured out a way to take those genes and put them into its own genome, and alter them enough to make them more toxic."

Van Mooy sees it as a struggle between two mighty forces. "The PHYTOPLANKTON are at one end of the boxing ring and they're taking up carbon dioxide, and the viruses are at the other end, and they're out to kill them. And how that works out controls how much carbon dioxide is taken up.

If viruses are killing off PHYTOPLANKTON, this can increase greenhouse emissions, Van Mooy suggests. "That's important because if viruses infect a whole bunch of cells, then they can't perform photosynthesis, they can't take up carbon dioxide."

Van Mooy said: "There are probably more out there. And who knows what kind of activities they may be involved with. They may hold a cure for a human disease or they may play unknown vital role in ...... "PHYTOPLANKTON"....


USF Ocean Researcher say even the tiny oil droplets kill PHYTOPLANKTON
One BP OIL head sealed, while gushers of uncertainty remains...
By Richard Fausset, Los Angeles Times

Kendra Daly, an ocean researcher at the University of South Florida, said even the droplets could kill many plankton, a crucial component of the ocean food chain, possibly creating a cascade effect that could reduce the populations of other, larger species. Already researchers have found some evidence of oil harming plankton in an important spawning area of the Gulf.

Susan Shaw, a marine toxicologist and director of the Marine Environmental Research Institute in Blue Hill, Maine, is among those concerned that the combination of the oil and dispersant is "more toxic than either alone" because the dispersants break down the lipid membranes of cells, allowing oil to enter organs more easily, she said.


Ocean Acidification is the term used to describe the decrease in seawater pH due to ocean's absorption of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere...

Ocean Acidification is suspected to affect the functioning of ocean plankton


please see: http://EcoDelMar.org/PHYTOPLANKTON

and: http://EcoDelMar.org/pcb

What is killing the PHYTOPLANKTON...

The Vital Link Between the Ocean's Health and Human Health...

http://EcoDelMar.org/pcb :: this video is about dolphins and whales.... and the PCBs known to be circulating in Earth's Oceans and biosphere...

... here is my question...

The "abstract" below is related to several "safer" replacements for PCBs...

...while the text of the abstract states the toxicity is "less" when compared to PCBs... yet the "quantity" of (10 to 56 ug/L) is extremely low...

ug/L = PPB = part per Billion

mg/L = PPM = parts per Million

.... if these "safer" replacement chemicals are considered "toxic" at such extremely low trace levels... and the newer chemicals are "stated to be" less toxic than PCBs... when realizing that dolphins and whales are now testing at well over 1,000 PPM .... Houston, we have a problem.... because industry has already dumped tons of PCBs into rivers that obviously drain into our Oceans... what may not be so obvious to these industrial mavericks is that dumping their toxic pesticides and herbicides into the Ocean is killing the vital PHYTOPLANKTON that produce most of the oxygen on Earth...

... if these new and supposedly "safer" replacement chemicals are toxic to algae at such low trace levels.... what about the toxic effect of the much higher levels of PCBs in the Oceans now, that could certainly be linked to the 40% loss of PHYTOPLANKTON happening throughout the Oceans today...

please see: http://EcoDelMar.org/PHYTOPLANKTON


Laboratory studies were conducted to determine the acute or chronic toxicity of seven potential polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) replacement products (six phosphate esters and one water-glycol mixture) to the alga Selenastrum capricornutum and three species of invertebrates. Significant reductions in algal biomass after 14 d of incubation were measured in tests with five phosphate esters at nominal concentrations ranging from 0.10 to 10 mg/L. The acute toxicity of six phosphate esters tested against a daphnid (Daphnia magna), a midge (Chironomus plumosus) and an amphipod (Gammarus pseudolimnaeus) was moderate, ranging from 1.1 to 18.0 mg/L. The water-gylcol mixture was nontoxic to algae and invertebrates at the highest nominal concentration tested (100 mg/L).

Chronic toxicity tests based on nominal concentrations indicated that five of the six phosphate esters tested against daphnids reduced survival and reproduction at concentrations ranging from 10 to 56 ug/L. whereas only one of three tested against amphipods significantly reduced growth and survival at concentrations of 31 to 128 ug/L. Emergence of midges exposed to three phosphate esters for 30 d was significantly reduced at concentrations of 36 to 319 ug/L. The water-glycol mixture tested was much less toxic to algae and invertebrates than were the phosphate esters. These data indicate that the potential hazard of phosphate esters to the environment is significantly less than that of PCBs.


http://EcoDelMar.org/pcb ... video about PCB oil in dolphins and whales....

LINK:: Ocean Acidification Video
Our Oceans gave us everything... what did we give back...

The draw down of both carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrate per mole of phosphate and the rate of new production by diatoms are much lower than that measured for P. Antarctica. Consequently, the capacity of the biological community to draw down atmospheric CO2 and transport it to the deep ocean could diminish dramatically if predicted increases in upper ocean stratification due to climate warming should occur.


* A 1,000-km northward shift of warmer-water plankton, with a similar retreat of colder-water plankton, has been observed in the north-east Atlantic over the past 50 years, as the seas around the UK have become warmer.

* In the North Sea, the population of the previously dominant and important cold-water zooplankton species Calanus finmarchicus has declined in biomass by 70% since the 1960s.

* The seasonal timing of plankton production has altered in response to recent climate changes. Some species are occurring up to four to six weeks earlier than 20 years ago, affecting predators, including fish.

Continued increase in sea temperature, due to climate change and associated changes such as ocean acidification, are likely to exert major influences on plankton abundance and geographical distributions, with implications for primary production and climate control.


Louie Psihoyos, photojournalist of "The Cove"... and Miyoko Sakashita ... Oceans Director and Senior Attorney, for the Center of Biological Diversity... discuss the impacts of Ocean Acidification on Earth...

Miyoko Sakashita is on a mission for the Earth's imperiled marine life... and to protect Earth's ECO-Systems from the impending threats of Ocean Acidification...

Miyoko Sakashita: Oceans Sound the Alarm of the Sixth Extinction

"quoted from: Jon Harrington :: "Corporate America must change... The cost to the environment and our survival is too great to allow the lobbyists in Washington to "run" our government. Over the past 18 months the petroleum industry has spent... $1,800.00 per day, per congressman, in lobbying expenses. If renewable energy had that kind of money for influence, imagine where we would be...

It was great to have Miyoko on the program this week, as the Center of Biological Diversity is at the forefront of changing policy in Washington.


LINK to audio interview:

Trump repeatedly insisted

... During the campaign, Donald Trump repeatedly insisted he would put America first...

... He has frequently spoken of reestablishing American strength in the world, and the strength he refers to is military in nature.

"We have to start winning wars again...

...he said in a late-February speech. Consistent with that message, Trump has also announced a $54 billion increase to the defense budget and has also given the military a freer hand in the fight against militant Islamism -- which has since resulted in an uptick in civilian deaths in U.S. airstrikes.

... Regarding North Korea, U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said during a trip to Asia five weeks ago that the U.S. policy of "strategic patience" was over. Vice President Mike Pence likewise traveled to South Korea, making an appearance in a bomber jacket at a look-out in the demilitarized zone. He spoke of Trump's readiness to respond to provocations with strength. "North Korea would do well not to test his resolve," Pence intoned.

"It is easy to determine what Kim Jong Un wants," says South Korean parliamentarian Kim Jong Dae, one of the country's most experienced security policy officials. "But Trump is unpredictable." On the one hand, he says, the U.S. announces it is sending an aircraft carrier ... and speaks openly of military plans while on the other....


  Open Edu   Awakening... Adyashanti, Eckhart Tolle, Jim Carrey, Diederik Wolsak, Anthony de Mello, Caroline Myss
Neuroscience of Consciousness Psychological healing and growth, as well as spiritual awakening, all involve changes in your brain.
NVC :: Non-Violent Communication... Non dualism, also called non-duality, points to the idea that the universe and all its multiplicity are ultimately expressions or appearances of one essential reality.
NVC :: Non-Violent Communication... NVC :: Nonviolent Communication Training Course :: Marshall Rosenberg www.CNVC.org
Projection The Psychology of Projection.

..::" Of all the personality types that inhabit our society, the psychopath is by far the most destructive, the most successful, and the least understood. Learn to recognize and defend yourself against society’s most dangerous predator: https://youtu.be/MgGyvxqYSbE

..::" EGOIC RATIONALIZING = "GAS-LIGHTING" = a form of mental manipulation in which information is twisted or spun... selectively omitted to favor the "egoic abuser"... or false information is presented with the intent of making innocent "victim" doubt their own memory, perception, and sanity... Instances may range simply from the denial by an "egoic abuser" that previous abusive incidents ever occurred, up to the staging of bizarre events by the egoic "abuser" with the intention of disorienting an innocent "victim".

While biodegradable farm runoff and sewage are a huge problem for the Oceans...

... even more detrimental to Life on Earth are the non-biodegradable "POPS" dumped by industry into rivers and municipal waste systems... PBDEs and PCBs will continue diffusing cancerous toxic molecules throughout the environment decades longer bio-degradable waste... Then to realize the mega tons of plastic will slowly photo-degrade and splinter into tiny bits for 400 to 800 years, gradually transporting toxic PCBs into the Ocean's food chain for centuries.

see: http://EcoDelMar.org/pcb

Connecting the plastic ECO dots . . . .
Why we must keep plastic out of the Oceans....

I made this simple "flash" video in 2006, attempting to present a "brief" visual synopsis, that anyone can understand... describing the ecological scenario unfolding 24/7 in our Oceans, worldwide, underscoring the importance of NOT dumping plastic and toxic industrial waste chemicals into the only living Oceans in the entire universe. LINK to website: ECO Del Mar . org




* With every tick of every second 310 Kg of toxic chemicals are released into our air, land, rivers and oceans by industrial profiteers worldwide.

* This amounts to 10 Million Tons (over 21 billion pounds) of toxic chemicals released into Earth's environment by industries each year.

* Of these, over 2 Million Tons (over 4.5 Billion pounds) per year are known carcinogens. This amounts to 65 Kg each second.

REF: http://www.worldometers.info/view/toxchem/

Ironically... none of these are the greatest threat to human survival on Earth... and bio-degradable sewage is the easiest of them all to fix... but if we don't get CO2 under control, we will not survive: http://EcoDelMar.org/ocean_acidification ... if we loose the PHYTOPLANKTON... we loose half the oxygen supply on earth... CO2 will skyrocket with out the PHYTOPLANKTON... and trees will stop functioning... crops will fail... forests will die, dry, burn, and become deserts... and the mega tons of flammable methane hydrates will melt, convert to a gas and destroy the remaining ozone... and still half the Americans deny global warming is real... it's just too difficult for a man to understand something... when his paycheck depends on not understanding it...

The Blue Miracle Planet... 70% covered by miraculous deep blue water... although the Oceans may seem infinite to our eye's view.... in fact all the water on Earth only makes up a precious 0.02% of the Earth's total mass... yet the Oceans give us over half the oxygen we need to live and breathe... without Our priceless Oceans... we will die...

As Sylvia says so poetically... No Blue... No Green... and she is 100% serious... for thousands of generations we have enjoyed the only known living Oceans in the entire universe... and after thousands of years on Earth... most humans still wonder where Life came from... and with our newest scientific tools we have determined that beautiful wonder of Nature we call "The Nautilus"... has lived in the Oceans for more than 400 Million years... until now... disappearing due to CO2 induced Ocean Acidification and a few decades of industrial dumping of tons of toxic chemicals into rivers worldwide... just for share-holder profits.... ignoring the damage to Life's Foundation... what will Earth's brand new Oceans cost... as if the shareholders could afford to buy one...

If we, supposedly intelligent humans, destroy the source of the known Life in The Universe.... the question is not will we survive... but should we... Can we learn to respect Our Living Oceans before we kill every living creature that has lived a healthy Life for millions of years before we arrived... to walk "upright"... Are we so egocentric as to destroy our very own Ocean Home... Will we realize our origins are so much more likely Aquatic than we ever dreamed... Rocks were formed in fire... and when struck together, give fire... the Oceans Give Life Itself... and while we have this Gift... dare we stand Lifeless... allowing the destruction of our Aquatic Life Base... with apathetic heads bowed down... to callous industrial profiteers... who will later tell us... they were the "successful" ones... http://EcoDelMar.org/maya

... when we look at the Oceans.... with our "eye site"... or more accurately... in our "human" interpretation of what we think we "see"... when it comes to something as large as the Oceans... it appears to be infinite... and when we made accurate maps that illustrate about 70% of the Earth is covered with water... our minds appear to have accepted that the Earth is about 70% water... so we called it the Blue Planet... and we thought the Oceans were so big, we could never harm them... and while it might be a beautiful thought... it lead us to our biggest mistake... we took the Ocean's for granted... if we take all the water on Earth... and compare the mass, it only comes to about .02% of the Earth's weight... and that Pristine, Beautiful, Natural, Holy, Godly, Blessed, Miraculous, Sparkling, Magical, Mystical, Precious... Ocean.... gave birth to the only known Life in the entire Universe... while industrial tycoons use it for their toxic toilet... industrial tycoons don't care at all about dolphins, nor the origins of Life in the Universe... Greenpeace has been fighting against industrial tycoons for decades... and i can't see how anyone can watch the following video, and not hear the drums of Nature calling to all of us... http://EcoDelMar.org/drums

The Growing Danger of Plastic in the Oceans... Greenpeace is calling for all governments put in place a global network of marine reserves, covering FORTY PERCENT of the world's OCEANS... In addition, marine pollution will only be stopped if all nations take responsibility for their excessive consumption and adopt a "ZERO Waste" to Ocean plan including waste reduction and recycling... http://www.greenpeace.org/usa/en/media-center/news-releases/growing-danger-of-plastic-poll/

PHYTOPLANKTON are some of the most important life-forms on our planet, and are key for the survival of all marine Life, and land Life. They provide most of the OXYGEN we breathe (and are more valuable than any land-based plant life), and are responsible for the majority of photosynthesis on our planet, which has the added bonus of filtering out the majority of CO2 in our atmosphere. NEWS: The Ocean CO2 Eco-Cycle


Since 1950, PHYTOPLANKTON in the world's oceans have declined 40%.

"Over half of Earth's OXYGEN" is produced by PHYTOPLANKTON... explains Professor David Thomas, from the school of ocean sciences at the University of Bangor. "If you take that away... you would lose the basis of life on Earth... There simply would NOT be enough OXYGEN to support LIFE." Professor Thomas said: "If you go back far enough in time... LIFE started in the plankton... so we owe it a remarkable debt... www.telegraph.co.uk Link: To View Global PHYTOPLANKTON via NASA's Aqua satellite: About: http://EcoDelMar.org/PHYTOPLANKTON

‎..::"Every day, 70 MILLION TONS of CO2 are released into Earth's atmosphere. (remaining in the atmosphere for thousands of years)

..:: "Every day, 20 MILLION TONS of that CO2 are absorbed into the OCEANS, thereby increasing the overall ACIDITY of the OCEANS.

By 2100, Ocean acidity will increase another 150 to 200 hundred percent.

This is a dramatic change in the acidity of the oceans. And it has a serious impact on our ocean ecosystems; in particular, it has an impact on any species of calcifying organism that produces a calcium carbonate SHELL.

- http://www.ClimateWatch.NOAA.gov/video/2010/origin-impacts-ocean-acidification ---

..:: "These are changes that are occurring far too fast for the oceans to correct naturally, said Dr Richard Feely with the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

..:: "Fifty-five million years ago when we had an event like this (and that took over 10,000 years to occur), it took the oceans over 125,000 years to recover, just to get the chemistry back to normal," he told BBC News.

..:: "It took two to 10 million years for the organisms to re-evolve, to get back into a normal situation.

..:: "So what we do over the next 100 years will have implications for ocean ecosystems from tens of thousands to millions of years. That's the implication of what we're doing to the oceans right now."



Calcification may not be the physiological process that suffers most from ocean acidification; particularly as all species investigated displayed physiological trade-offs including increased metabolism, reduced health, and changes in behavioural responses in association with this calcification upregulation, which poses as great a threat to survival as an inability to calcify...

Ocean Acidification and CO2...

... When people do not understand Science... they simply can not Listen to the conversation... they become fearful... and functionally deaf...

... when people do not understand something, like the science of "Ocean Acidification"... fear tends to overshadow their ability to think peacefully and objectively... and a state of "fear" becomes the motivation to "separate" themselves (the ego) away from any association with whatever they "fear"... in a subconscious attempt to "survive" an imaginary saber tooth tiger attack... (classic "fight or flight" response)...

... in the case of "saber tooth global warming".... fear becomes "denial" because the ego survives the imaginary threat... so the "ego" grows stronger through "denial"... and the actual cause of "global warming" is allowed to continue as if the scientists were simply "crying wolf"... so now the "ego" takes great pride in thinking it is smarter than all the scientists on Earth... ergo "Pride go'eth before a fall... and Mass Grandiose Pride go'eth before the mass extinction....

... with the continued sounding of more alarms by scientists... more "egos" are strengthened, in blissful denial, and a blind form of "group think" becomes the norm of those who do not understand the science...

... the sad tragedy is that "living in denial" is a common method used to escape any personal (ego) responsibility... and it always involves "blaming" someone else...

... when the global warming "deniers" finally wake up and smell the dead Ocean... they will convert their "denial" of "global warming" into denial of their responsibility ... and look for someone ELSE to nail to a cross for their own "sins"... continuing to project the blame and responsibility "outside" of it's source...

... unfortunately, this time, we are facing extinction... and the fear in the minds of the self righteous religious elitist "voters"... who unconsciously subscribe to a dogmatic "denial" version of "group think".... are now a real and dangerous threat to the survival of all life on Earth... because that massive "group think" population of "voters"... will continue to delay decisive action to deploy alternative energy until it is too late...

... Anyone with a Truly Loving Heart... (as the "religious" do claim the "ownership" of)... would at the very LEAST... be willing to Listen in a conversation... and ask themselves why they dogmatically reject 98% of the best SCIENTISTS on Earth... instead of continuing to bury their heads in denial... and expecting God to fix our Eco-system that was broken during the runaway industrial revolution... leading to runaway climate change... on the only known planet in the entire Universe with LIFE...

... Ironically, what is needed, is a more Spiritual way of Loving Nature... truly caring for our Home Planet... the only one in the universe known to sustain Life...

... Poisoning Mother Nature's Healthy Life... for financial profit... that is truly blasphemous... Where are the "good shepherds" now...

http://EcoDelMar.org/Ten_​Things ... you can do for the Oceans.... the Only Known Living Oceans in the entire universe.... No blue... No Green...

The Royal Society of London published a report Ocean acidification in 2005, which summarized the salient points:

1. Carbon dioxide from the atmosphere dissolves in the ocean making it more acidic.

2. This is inevitable with high carbon dioxide, no fancy models are involved.

3. The oceans have already become 30% more acidic than before fossil fuel burning started.

4. Acidification will kill corals, and destroy other marine life.

5. There has been no period like this in the past 20 million years.

Global Warming Is Reducing Ocean Life....

While Increasing Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide

"PHYTOPLANKTON grow faster in a cool ocean and slower in a warm one," said Siegel. "The scary part is that the oceans are warming now ---- caused by our emissions of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide."

These microscopic plants are predicted to grow even slower in the warmer oceans of the future. This in turn will reduce the food available to fish and other organisms, including marine birds and mammals, which are supported by the ocean's food chain. PHYTOPLANKTON are responsible for about the same amount of photosynthesis each year as all the plants on land combined.

Another disturbing result of reduced PHYTOPLANKTON is that our atmosphere depends on the consumption of atmospheric carbon dioxide by these plants. Reduced PHYTOPLANKTON means less carbon dioxide is taken up by the ocean, which could speed global warming, contributing to a vicious cycle of increased warming.

"Rising levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere play a big part in global warming," said lead author Michael Behrenfeld of Oregon State University. "This study shows that as the climate warms, PHYTOPLANKTON growth rates go down and along with them the amount of carbon dioxide these ocean plants consume. That allows carbon dioxide to accumulate more rapidly in the atmosphere, which would produce more warming." http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/12/061207084052.htm

Biodiversity in the Balance

Paleontologists and geologists are looking to the ancient past for clues about whether global warming will result in mass extinctions. What they’re finding is not encouraging, science writer Carl Zimmer says.

Recent discovery of surprisingly acidic waters along the Pacific Coast and in Puget Sound.

As oceans absorb increasing amounts of carbon dioxide from cars, factories and tree cutting, the pH of seawater decreases, making the water more acidic. That process also binds up calcium carbonate ions, which are so widely used to build shells and skeletons that some call them the “soil of the marine world.” And changes in pH may change the nutrients available to PHYTOPLANKTON, altering the nutritional quality of that basic marine food and favoring some types of algae.

So how will different creatures fare in increasingly acidic seas?

In lab experiments around the world, results have ranged from alarming to head-scratching:

photo: sea urchin by cwilso But it's not clear whether previous lab results will hold true for Pacific Northwest creatures. Some have already been exposed to pockets of unusually corrosive water, such as that found in Hood Canal. No one knows whether that means they're better adapted or already so stressed that they're likely to fare worse.

And even closely related species can respond differently to ocean acidification. In one experiment, the larvae of edible sea urchins died in greater numbers while green sea urchins thrived.

In another experiment that exposed 18 species of marine calcifiers to water rich in carbon dioxide, 10 had trouble building shells as efficiently. Some of those protective structures and skeletons started dissolving. Yet seven species—including a crab, shrimp, lobster, calcifying algae, temperate urchin, and a limpet—produced shells more rapidly. Perversely, it was these 7 cases that grabbed the headlines, which missed the larger point. As the study's author later asked: “If someone removed 10 of every 18 bricks from your house, is that still a house in which you would want to live?”

In Seattle, McElhany used to spend his research time on salmon populations and recovery plans. He shifted to ocean acidification after realizing that all the habitat restoration projects in the world may become band-aid solutions if the fundamental chemistry of the ocean changes.

“It seemed like a big enough problem that could shuffle the entire ecosystem,” he said.

Among the marine creatures that the Seattle researchers plan to study at the NOAA lab are krill and copepods, two forms of crustaceous plankton... http://daily.sightline.org/daily_score/archive/2011/06/06/the-puget-sound-shuffle

At Bonn talks, UN climate change chief urges progress towards low-emissions future

Against the backdrop of new warnings about the rise in greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere, the top United Nations climate change official today called on governments to make progress in the fight against global warming, building on commitments made last year.

‎..:: "The clean and renewable energy revolution has already begun -- the challenge is to complete it in time," she stated...

More than 3,000 participants from 183 countries are attending the Bonn talks in preparation for the UN climate conference to be held in Durban, South Africa, starting on 28 November.

Society's Continued Unawareness Regarding the "Other CO2 Problem"

Ocean acidification, while only recently recognized, fails to be appreciated as an actual threat... making it nearly impossible for anyone outside the small group of scientists who study the phenomenon to comprehend or care about its ramifications.141

Without an international instrument outlining the basics of ocean acidification and the need to neutralize its devastating effects... attempts to combat ocean acidification will be fruitless.142

A continued lack of concern will only frustrate the prospects of a global solution by fostering societal ignorance of acidification's colossal consequences.143

First and foremost, society must be educated on the fact that climate change has not one, but two facets: global warming and ocean acidification.144

Ignoring ocean acidification exacerbates the effects of climate change, particularly because those aware of the issue have yet to successfully incorporate ocean acidification into the environmental protection lexicon.145


The "Nautilus" Lived in the Oceans for 500 MILLION YEARS.. until now...

According to NOAA... Ocean Acidification is now unstoppable... and no one knows the extent Ocean Acidification will effect the PHYTOPLANKTON ... and if we do loose the PHYTOPLANKTON ... can we discover an alternative oxygen source for earth soon enough...

When CO2 concentrations become too high, trees and plants will stop functioning: http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=106861 ...

... and if forests will fail... crops will fail... the methane hydrates will release additional green house gas further accelerating Ocean Acidification...

... and yet about half of the American "voters" say none of this is even "real!"... and about half of those will tell you that "God is doing this to punish the bad people"... OMG... that "group think" has mesmerized the masses for way too long... it's wake up time! 🙂 .... and they actually "think" they are the "objective" thinkers!... while spouting that "nobody needs to be concerned about the environment, because that's God's job!"... OMG... whatever happened to actually being "Good Stewards"...

please see: http://EcoDelMar.org/sally

... well i say... forgive them... and pray for them... for those who are afraid to listen to Nature... including their own Heart... do not understand what they do... nor the "hell" on this beautiful Earth they blindly contribute to... so pray for them...

... and after you politely say farewell to them... go join... or contribute to any organization that respects Mother Nature above profits... http://Greenpeace.org ... or any non-profit environmental group of your choice...

Sea Shells...
Won't See Shells...

Acid Ocean Will Dissolve Sea Creatures' Shells Researchers uncover another devastating impact of the industrial civilization age...

By 2018 the Arctic Ocean will be so corrosive, spelling disaster for the food chain as tiny crustaceans begin to die off... reports the Telegraph. "We knew the seas were getting more acidic and this would disrupt shellfish ability to grow shells. Now we realize the situation is much worse," said lead scientist Prof. Jean-Pierre Gattuso. The world's seas are turning acidic as carbon dioxide from industrial pollution converted to carbonic acid in all of Earth's Oceans... The situation is more dire than our computer models had predicted...

The Oceans gave us everything... what did we give back...

You are the sound of the drums...
the Universe hears your Heartbeat...

One giant container ship can emit almost the same amount of
cancer and asthma-causing chemicals as 50m cars, study finds.

The oceans are absorbing One Million TONS of CO2 PER HOUR from the atmosphere ....

Ocean Acidification combined with worldwide industrial toxic dumping is killing the only Living Oceans in the known universe....

Without Healthy Living Oceans and Earth's Symbiotic Environment... this planet will not have a Life supporting atmosphere...

Just talk to any of your friends who have ever maintained a salt water aquarium about how delicate the pH balance is... Consider the following scenario, and tell me if i am wrong about this...

1) we have no way to stop runaway Ocean Acidification...

2) we will probably continue burning fossil fuels worldwide for about 50 more years...

3) all the kings horses and all the kings scuba divers can not prevent the Oceans from becoming so acidic it will dissolve the coral reefs and impair all marine life, including the PHYTOPLANKTON


4) when that happens... we could loose up to 70% of Earth's oxygen supply...

5) with more CO2 in the atmosphere, even the trees, plants and crops will no longer function...

6) when the methane hydrates melt... and they already are... mega tons of flammable biomass will burn out of control worldwide... releasing additional greenhouse gas, increasing the positive feedback loop....

7) forests will become deserts... further reducing oxygen and increasing CO2...

8) Earth's currently Livable atmosphere will be lost for thousands of years... No blue, No green...

The entire Ocean's ecosystem is affected... from the PHYTOPLANKTON to the whales.... According to researchers, the phenomenon is going to get much worse and the disappearance of several species will disrupt ecosystems. PHYTOPLANKTON absorbs carbon dioxide and produces over half the oxygen in Earth's atmosphere...


Most of us reading this web page are already aware of the problems with climate change and Ocean acidification... and we understand the need to conserve energy and reduce CO2 emissions...

Yet there is still a HUGE block of American "voters" who have accepted the propaganda spewed by big oil/coal convincing them that 'climate change' is not even real...

Unfortunately there is another HUGE block of voters among the religious conservatives who are welcoming the 'end of times' and they see no need to 'save the environment' at all...

Big oil/coal may have more money...

yet, "we the people" have more votes....

United we stand... and we will fall... if we become divided into turf battles...

Our "mass consumption" culture seems to relish intentionally wasteful behaviors... as if eating too many hamburgers in x amount of time makes someone a super hero to be televised... yet protecting our precious Oceans is not of much public interest...

Recently the world-wide beach clean-up's and demonstrations like "hands-across-the sands" are gaining public appeal... and the core values of our "mass consumption" society is finally recognized as unsustainable... thanks in a great part to web videos like: http://TheStoryOfStuff.com

Leandro Blanco made some wonderful web videos for Ocean conservation.... and i think it's a great way to "counter" Madison Avenue's cultural "mass consumption" indoctrination of the totally gullible American consumers...

One the key factor seems to be balancing the amount of beauty of Nature with the educational content that will lead to an actual shift in awareness towards protecting Nature... and an intrinsic motivation to share the content with others...

With access to blogs and youtubes, etc, we can all contribute to the educational content of the web and share our inspirations towards a healthy environment... i am starting to do this at: http://EcoDelMar.org/arkive and http://EcoDelMar.org/coral

..:: " Dissolved methane makes sea water more acidic, and this could add to the growing problem of ocean acidification, which has so far largely been due to dissolved CO2. Scientists are concerned that more acid oceans could threaten plankton... If the methane in the hydrate deposits did ever make it into the atmosphere, the effects would be profound... http://planetearth.nerc.ac.uk/news/story.aspx?id=516

..:: " More than 250 plumes of gas bubbles have been discovered emanating from the seabed of the West Spitsbergen continental margin, in a depth range of 150–400 m, at and above the present upper limit of the gas hydrate stability zone (GHSZ). Some of the plumes extend upward to within 50 m of the sea surface. The gas is predominantly methane. Warming of the northward-flowing West Spitsbergen current by 1°C over the last thirty years is likely to have increased the release of methane from the seabed by reducing the extent of the GHSZ, causing the liberation of methane from decomposing hydrate. If this process becomes widespread along Arctic continental margins, TENS of TERA-GRAMS of methane PER YEAR could be released into the Oceans... - 1 Teragrams ~ 1.1 Million Tons - http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/2009/2009GL039191.shtml
Albeit too late, we are recognizing the true value of 'respecting' Nature... and it even comes down to the way each individual values their human ego... vs nature... Indigenous people had a respect for Nature that is almost beyond our ability to understand it today... seeing all living creatures as Spiritual representatives of the "great waver"... whatever name you might imagine... semantics don't matter, respect does... Our over stimulated 'ego' has become the theme for our life-style... and it has become addicted to anything it wants... and it always wants more... never achieving real Peace... After all, the best things in Life... are not things... http://EcoDelMar.org/indigenous

Whatever pathway you choose, to awaken inner consciousness, if it works for you... it works... Be it art, music, poetry, philosophy, prayer, meditation, yoga, or dancing in drum circles... it is your personal responsibility to enjoy enlightening yourself... When you respect Nature... you want to know your environment... and you will and not pollute it... Big oil/coal is spending big bucks to keep their cash cow alive.... and we know it's a dinosaur.... please see: http://EcoDelMar.org/GoGreen/ And suggest to your politicians... to donate the money they took from big oil... to help restore the GULF... they need to hear from the "voters" who know the truth... otherwise they will get away with more of the same.... again and again... please see: http://EcoDelMar.org/MBA_Lemmings/ Nobody cares 'which' Environmental / Ocean / Dolphin / Whale / 501-c-3 non-profit organization you like best... the point is to support them... and not to throw stones at everyone else.... enlighten yourself...
Global Geo-Engineering Ocean Experiments have failed to solve Climate Change and Ocean Acidification... PHYTOPLANKTON has reduced by 40%... and still we carelessly drive the planet along the highway known as "Business As Usual"... It has become painfully obvious that we can not depend on a government dominated by a slick OIL industry to actually protect the ONLY known Living Oceans in the entire Universe... Greenpeace has a plan to save the Oceans already prepared in a report titled "Roadmap to Recovery, a Global Network of Marine Reserves." Outlining in detail the rationale for complete protection of FORTY PERCENT of the world's Oceans in areas essential to prevent total Ocean collapse. please see: http://www.greenpeace.org/international/campaigns/oceans/marine-reserves/roadmap-to-recovery ..:: "Perhaps the most startling news story of this year passed almost unnoticed by the general public... Ocean plankton (PHYTOPLANKTON ) that live in the oceans and carry out a job you and I depend on to stay alive... produce over HALF the world's OXYGEN, and take up more CO2 than trees. This year, one of the world's most distinguished scientific journals, "Nature", revealed that 40 per cent of the PHYTOPLANKTON have been killed by climate change of the OCEANS since 1950... http://www.independent.co.uk/opinion/commentators/johann-hari/johann-hari-there-wont-be-a-bailout-for-the-earth-2143876.html No Blue... No Green... if we loose the PHYTOPLANKTON ... we all loose... please see: http://EcoDelMar.org/PHYTOPLANKTON / ... the most important species of them all... is the least respected... what you do to the least of these...

Sylvia Earle.... No Blue, No Green.... (seriously)


:: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution : www.whoi.edu:

Q: Will capping atmospheric CO2 at 350 or 400 ppm stop OA?...

A: Atmospheric CO2 is already at 390 ppm and is increasing at about 2 ppm per year. Without dramatic reductions in CO2 emissions, atmospheric CO2 will continue to rise, and most emission forecasts for the near future indicate a likely increase (rather than decrease) in atmospheric CO2 growth rate. The first step in addressing ocean acidification, therefore, is to stabilize and eventually reduce CO2 emissions. Atmospheric CO2 almost certainly will peak well above 400 ppm, because we will not stop increasing emissions in the next 5 years. The impacts on marine life at the peak CO2 level may be substantial. In the long run, it may be possible to reduce atmospheric CO2 through natural and artificial uptake mechanisms. The chemistry of seawater is reversible, and returning to 350-400 ppm would return pH and carbonate saturation levels to approximately their current conditions. However, some research has suggested that even current-day conditions may be deleterious for some organisms, and it is even less clear if future biological impacts due to peak CO2 will be reversible. Even if we stabilized CO2 emissions, atmospheric fossil fuel CO2 will continue to penetrate into the deep ocean for the next several centuries...

:: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution : www.whoi.edu:


Q: Isn't it better that we sacrifice the oceans and let them keep on taking up CO2 and buffering climate? ...

A: Ocean acidification and climate change are two sides of the same coin. Both are direct consequences of anthropogenic CO2 emissions and cannot be separated from each other. The present uptake of about one quarter of anthropogenic CO2 emissions by the ocean indeed serves as a buffer against rising atmospheric CO2, and so this "service" could be considered to diminish, but not prevent, climate change. In the long term, on time scales of tens of thousands of years, the majority of anthropogenic CO2 emissions (80-90% will end up in the ocean. This, however, will not protect the climate system from global warming during the intervening period. Thus, sacrificing the ocean for the sake of the atmosphere is not entirely possible. It is also important to point out that impacts on the oceans, particularly "sacrificing" them, will have profound effects on the functioning of Earth's ecosystems...

:: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution : www.whoi.edu:


Q: Is it too late to do anything?...

A: It is within our technical and economic means to modify our energy and transportation systems and land-use practices to largely eliminate carbon dioxide emissions from our economies by mid-century. It is thought that the cost of doing this -- perhaps 2% of the worldwide economic production -- would be small, yet at present it has proven difficult for societies to decide to undertake this conversion. -- K. Caldeira

:: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution : www.whoi.edu:

Q: If ocean acidification is so potentially serious why isn't it included in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of the Parties (COP) climate mitigation negotiations?...

A: Although scientists have known for decades that ocean acidification would occur as CO2 increased in the atmosphere, the consequences to marine life were not realized until about 10 years ago. At that time, biologists discovered that ocean acidification affected the ability of many marine organisms to form their shells or skeletons. Since then, many more effects of ocean acidification have been found to influence a wide array of organisms and marine processes. Because the scientific process relies on formal research protocols, peer-review, and publishing, it takes some time for a new finding to be verified and accepted by the scientific community. However, sufficient evidence about ocean acidification existed by 2007 that the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report on Climate Change (2007) stated in the Summary for Policy Makers, "The progressive acidification of the oceans due to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide is expected to have negative impacts on marine shell-forming organisms (e.g. corals) and their dependent species." Ocean acidification and its effects have now been documented to the point that they are widely accepted by the scientific community and it will be seriously addressed by the Fifth Assessment Report of the IPCC. In fact, ocean acidification was a major topic of discussion at side events such as Oceans Day at the December 2009 COP15 climate change negotiations in Copenhagen even though specific considerations about oceans had little or no mention in the text of the proposed agreement. -- J. Kleypas, C. Turley

:: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution : www.whoi.edu:

Acidifying the ocean is particularly detrimental to Living...

... organisms that secrete shell material made of CaCO3, such as coral reefs and a type of PHYTOPLANKTON called coccolithophorids [Kleypas et al., 1999]. The ocean pH change will persist for thousands of years. Because the fossil fuel CO2 rise is faster than natural CO2 increases in the past, the ocean will be acidified to a much greater extent than has occurred naturally in at least the past 800,000 years [Caldeira and Wicket, 2003].




Carbon Monitoring for Action (CARMA) :: Global List of Carbon Footprints:

* US - 2,530 million
* China - 2,430 million
* Russia - 600 million
* India - 529 million
* Japan - 363 million
* Germany - 323 million
* Australia - 205 million
* South Africa - 201 million
* UK - 192 million
* South Korea - 168 million

PHYTOPLANKTON :: Produce 70% of the Oxygen on Earth...

Building Block #1 in the Food Chain and Oxygen Cycle for Life on Earth...

PHYTOPLANKTON has reduced by 40% since 1950...

"Over half of the world's OXYGEN is produced by these PHYTOPLANKTON ," explained Professor David Thomas, from the school of ocean sciences at the University of Bangor. "If you took that away you would lose the basis of life on the globe. There simply wouldn't be enough oxygen to support life." Professor Thomas said: "If you go back far enough in time, life started in the plankton, so we owe it a remarkable debt." telegraph.co.uk

View Global PHYTOPLANKTON via NASA's Aqua satellite

Subject: Ocean acidification PHYTOPLANKTON

The Societal challenge of ocean acidification



Based on current knowledge of marine impacts as discussed above,

to ensure no large-scale risk to marine organisms and ecosystems,

we strongly suggest taking the precautionary principle of a threshold of 450 ppm CO2.


NOAA | http://scrippsco2.ucsd.edu/data/mlo.html
Scripps | http://scrippsco2.ucsd.edu/data/mlo.html

..:: " Currently the oxygen content of the Earth's atmosphere dips to 19% over impacted areas, and it is down to 12 to 17% over the major cities.

..:: " At these levels it is difficult for people to get sufficient oxygen to maintain bodily health: it takes a proper intake of oxygen to keep body cells and organs, and the entire immune system, functioning at full efficiency.: http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2008/aug/13/carbonemissions.climatechange

..:: " Around 10,000 years ago, the planet's forest cover was at least twice what it is today, which means that forests are now emitting only half the amount of oxygen.

..:: " Desertification and deforestation are rapidly accelerating this long-term loss of oxygen sources.

..:: " The story at sea is much the same. Nasa reports that in the north Pacific ocean oxygen-producing PHYTOPLANKTON concentrations are 40% lower today...


. . . and to answer the popular question about 'optimism vs pessimism'... i like the way Paul Hawken says it: ..::"If you actually look at the science about what is happening on Earth and your aren't pessimistic... you don't understand the data... But if you meet the people who are working to restore this Earth and the lives of the poor... and you aren't optimistic... you haven't got a pulse"... http://EcoDelMar.org/paul

The health and intrinsic beauty in Nature is our Guide... in the smallest of the leaves... a dragonfly... a seagull... the dolphins and whales... any one of them will guide any Soul to the Light... out of the materialistic 'real world', that will finally be seen as the illusion it was...

Life is breathing... the question is... will we awaken before we have lost every whale and dolphin in the Oceans... How can we humans come to understand that we are all part of the most amazing family of beings to ever exist in all of time... we are miraculous Life forms made from trillion year old star dust... and still we need to practice "gratitude" every day... to manifest the Humility we need to protect the only known human Life forms in the entire universe from the ego's quest to dominate the very Nature that Gracefully creates Life every moment and beats in every Heart since the beginning of time...

Today we are well on our way to loosing the Coral Reefs on Earth caused by Ocean Acidification: http://EcoDelMar.org/coral ... and the Climate Change unfolding today is clearly anthropogenic... the big question is... can we operate our industrial revolution 'Sustainably'... and the question before that is... can we recognize that our 'life-style' is driving up the CO2 that is causing Ocean Acidification... potentially harming the health of phyto-plankton... Earth's #1 source of Oxygen for everyone to breathe.

..:: " A recent study by Dalhousie University oceanographer Boris Worm and his team found that PHYTOPLANKTON populations in the ocean are declining at an alarming rate because of human activity and climate change.

..:: " Why should we care?

..:: " They remove CO2 from our AIR and produce more than half the OXYGEN we breathe.

..:: " The report, published in the July 29 edition of Nature, states that PHYTO - PLANKTON have already declined by about 40 per cent since 1950.

..:: " We can't BREATHE without them...

..:: " While governments stall and deniers spread confusion, it gets more and more difficult to achieve the kind of emissions reductions that scientists say are necessary to prevent the Earth from reaching cataclysmic.

..:: " It was once possible... and "MAY" still be...



so called: "Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change" - funded by Koch Industries

$60,000 received from Koch foundations 2005-2008 [Total Koch foundation grants 1997-2008 : $85,000]

so called: co2science.org :: Center 2 Study CO2 and "Global Change" :: Koch Industries
DENIAL FRONT :: http://bit.ly/eLVFsm

..: Large decreases in atmospheric oxygen are being detected :: Decrease in atmospheric O2 has been detected in stations around the world for the past decade, a consistent downward trend that has accelerated in recent years: http://www.i-sis.org.uk/O2DroppingFasterThanCO2Rising.php

Breathing Earth: Interactive world map displaying carbon dioxide emission levels of every country in the world as well as their birth and death rates - all in real time. Click over country for info.



"Over half of Earth's OXYGEN" is produced by phytoplankton... explains Professor David Thomas, from the school of ocean sciences at the University of Bangor. "If you take that away... you would lose the basis of life on Earth... There simply would NOT be enough OXYGEN to support LIFE." Professor Thomas said: "If you go back far enough in time... LIFE started in the plankton.

Link: To View Global phytoplankton via NASA's Aqua satellite:

About phytoplankton: EcoDelMar.org/phytoplankton


..::" Where Whales are still somewhat numerous — like the Southern Ocean — the whale pump, as it’s known, spreads nitrogen and binds up carbon in an environmentally substantial way. However, with the severe decline of whales worldwide, due to commercial over-hunting — along with the exponentially worsening acidification of our Oceans — the marine ecosystem has suffered a steep tip in its delicate balance. Whales are the Guardians of our precious Oceans, and their poaching only speeds up the impending Ocean acidification. Certainly, whales may not be able to single-handedly solve the problem of our dying Oceans, but these giant mammals have a significant impact on CO2 binding that helps us all to breathe oxygen. Where Whales are gathered in number, there will be healthy photo-synthesizing plankton. The Oceans produce over half the oxygen on Earth. Every other breath you breathe, comes from the phyto-plankton in the Ocean.

Protect the Whales: www.facebook.com/Marine.Life.Conservation

..::" Realize that everything connects to everything else.

~ Leonardo da Vinci

All happiness comes from the desire for others to be happy ... Dalai Lama